Wanderungen in Herschweiler-Pettersheim ☆ Insgesamt stehen euch in der Region Herschweiler-Pettersheim 19 abwechslungsreiche Wanderungen zur. Wanderung im Westen von Herschweiler-Pettersheim, vorbei am Geisberg und am Segelfluggelände Kusel. Eine Wanderung im Westen von Herschweiler-Pettersheim mit schönen Panorama-Blicken.
Herschweiler-Pettersheim - Geisbergsteig (HP5)Wanderung im Westen von Herschweiler-Pettersheim, vorbei am Geisberg und am Segelfluggelände Kusel. Umschlossen von sanften Hügeln, die zum Wandern und Entdecken der Natur einladen bietet die Gemeinde Herschweiler-Pettersheim ansprechenden. Wanderungen in Herschweiler-Pettersheim ☆ Insgesamt stehen euch in der Region Herschweiler-Pettersheim 19 abwechslungsreiche Wanderungen zur.
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Create a Trip. This was also so for the comital family of the Emichones , who until were lords in the Nahegau. When the last Gau Count Emich died, the divisions began:.
These three comital families in the former Nahegau existed until the end of the Middle Ages and characterized the region's history, especially with their frequent disagreements, hereditary divisions, pledgings and changes of ownership.
The Veldenz share of the Nahegau spread out in to, among other things, the Vogtei over the holdings of the Abbey of Saint-Remi, and thus also into the Remigiusland.
Serving the first count, Gerlach von Veldenz, as a seat was at first a castle in the Nahe valley.
Later, Meisenheim was raised to residence town. When the fifth count of Veldenz, Count Gerlach V, unexpectedly died in he left a young wife, who soon thereafter gave birth to a daughter, Agnes, ending the male line of Counts of Veldenz who had descended from the Emichones.
Gerlach V's surviving kin coveted this now apparently "lordless" holding. Above all, it was Waldgrave Emicho, who as a descendant of the old Veldenz comital family, sought to make good his claims to the Oberamt of Lichtenberg, and he would likely have succeeded, likely even resorting to violence, in bringing it into his ownership, had Count Henry II of Zweibrücken , Agnes's grandfather and regent , not known how to defend his young granddaughter's hereditary claims.
He hurriedly had several wooden castles built on mountains and in dales. It is likely that Castle Petersheim owes its beginnings to this emergency situation.
If it did not exist before , then it might have been founded between and and tasked with protecting the upper Ohmbach valley and the local villages from a raid.
The castle, which was later expanded to a moated castle complex, was surely a well chosen and well fortified strong point from which the roads could be observed and the area secured and defended.
These efforts were successful, for in the end, the Waldgrave acknowledged young Agnes's hereditary rights. Through Agnes's marriage to the Hohengeroldseck knight Sir Heinrich of Geroldseck, who took over the regency as Count Heinrich I of Veldenz , the County of Veldenz underwent a change in dynasty without actually changing its name.
Heinrich's son Georg I was followed in by Heinrich II, whose sons Heinrich III and Friedrich II began joint rule of Veldenz' holdings in On 23 April , these were divided between the brothers in a document that also gives Castle Petersheim its first documentary mention, describing it as a small, moated castle.
Heinrich III acquired, among other things, the Castle, while Friedrich II was guaranteed its use in times of need. In , the county returned to a single ruler under Frederick III, Count of Veldenz.
His only child and heir, Anna of Veldenz , by her marriage to Stephen, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken, Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine son of prince-elector Rupert, King of Germany , set the county on a path leading to its transfer to Stephen in , when Friedrich III died.
Stephen, combining his lands, created the new County Palatine of Zweibrücken , which in the fullness of time came to be known as the Duchy of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, and which included both Herschweiler and Pettersheim.
Beginning in , though, after modifications by Duchess Elisabeth , widow of Louis II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken , it became her widow's seat.
After further conversions by Elisabeth's daughter-in-law Anna of Hesse , it became her abode. Beginning about the 17th century, the Schloss served the Dukes of Palatinate-Zweibrücken as a hunting lodge.
The oldest preserved record of a hunt in Pettersheim dates from To understand the broader events in the region during the Thirty Years' War — , what must first be known is the historical background: While the Holy Roman Emperor was losing power in the High Middle Ages , the prince-electors ' might was growing.
Within their electoral states, they had absolute power. The Protestant Prince-Electors in particular wholly broke away from the Emperor's power, so that two denominationally oriented camps formed, in the Protestant Union and in the Catholic League.
Palatinate-Zweibrücken for the time being remained neutral, although it militantly fought the Reformation's ideas.
When in the seemingly everlasting struggle between Protestants and Catholics the Archbishop of Prague had a Protestant church torn down, the upshot was the Defenestration of Prague , which started a religious war.
The Bohemian Protestants, who rejected the new Emperor, Ferdinand II , chose Protestant Elector Palatine Friedrich V as their king the "Winter King".
Bohemian and Palatine troops, however, were defeated in a counterattack by Imperial troops and Friedrich V had to flee into exile. The Emperor then granted the now vacant Palatine Electoral throne to the Bavarian Duke Maximilian I.
His general, Tilly , conquered great parts of the Palatinate in and forced the subjects to embrace Catholicism. Spanish and Italian troops, who fought on the Emperor's side, also conquered parts of the Palatinate, likewise in , and did not distinguish between the Electorate of the Palatinate and the Duchy of Palatinate-Zweibrücken.
Thus it was not much use that John II , who had taken over the job of governing in Heidelberg since Friedrich V had left for Prague , wanted to declare Palatinate-Zweibrücken a neutral state.
The troops went through the region, plundering, in , exacting food from the local people. Over two thousand years, the Westrich, an historic region that encompasses areas in both Germany and France , was a continual invasion route for foreign troops.
This continued during this period when the Protestant resistance was broken, and foreign powers intervened to save Protestantism.
Count Palatine John II eventually gave up his neutrality and allied himself with Swedish King Gustav II Adolf. The combined forces, although without Gustav II Adolf for he had been killed at the Battle of Lützen in , despite having been on the winning side , advanced on southern Germany in When they were beaten at the Battle of Nördlingen in and forced to withdraw , they brought death and depravity to the Glan area in Croatian mercenaries in the Imperial army advanced up the Glan by way of Meisenheim , Kusel and Sankt Wendel and grimly laid waste to the area.
Kaiserslautern , Kusel and Zweibrücken were utterly destroyed and burnt down. The same fate was visited upon Konken with its church.
The already thoroughly plundered and forsaken villages were also utterly destroyed. No further records come from Herschweiler or Pettersheim from this time.
Some villages never rose again, such as Reisweiler, a place north of Herschweiler. Supposedly in the whole Oberamt of Lichtenberg, only one cow was left.
Anyone who survived the Croats' onslaught fell victim to either hunger or the Plague. Those who were left had to feed themselves on roots and tree leaves, mostly without bread, and sometimes even eating dogs and cats.
Sometimes they were even driven to cannibalism. John II fled ahead of the Siege of Zweibrücken and went into exile in Metz in , dying there later that same year.
The union of the Swedes, who were likewise marauding through the Duchy of Palatinate-Zweibrücken robbing and murdering, with the French extended the war by more than a decade, although Emperor Ferdinand III was by then advocating peace.
Only when the peace negotiations of Münster and Osnabrück had begun in did the Imperial troops end their nine-year occupation and withdraw.
Only now did Duke Friedrich , who had stayed in Metz, like his late father succeeding him upon his death in , far from Palatinate-Zweibrücken , dare return to Zweibrücken, nominally nine years after becoming Duke, and take over the task of government.
It was a few more years before the Peace of Westphalia was concluded in After Friedrich's return from exile in Metz in and with the confirmation of Zweibrücken's privileges and freedoms early in , the country's reconstruction began.
Because Zweibrücken had been destroyed, Friedrich moved into the old residence at Meisenheim , which had been mostly spared the war's ravages.
The physically handicapped Duke showed much goodwill, though war debt weighed heavily on the country.
The situation only got better when his successor, Frederick Louis, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken , who inherited a great bequest from his mother, became Duke from to At last the reconstruction forged ahead.
From various parts of Germany and, foremost, from Switzerland , newcomers began settling in the Duchy's domains, which the war had left almost empty of people.
The only families that came back after the Thirty Years' War, in 22 years after the war had ended were the families Veith, Schneider and Scherer in Herschweiler's case and the families Trapp and Maurer in Pettersheim's.
During one such war, the Franco-Dutch War , 58 villages in the Amt of Lichtenburg were burnt down. Meeting the same fate in were thirty buildings in Kusel.
When Duke Frederick Louis opposed this, he was declared to be out of line, and French troops once more marched into the Duchy. Frederick Louis became ill and died in at Schloss Landsberg castle near Obermoschel.
Like Frederick III of Veldenz before him, Frederick Louis died without a male heir, and the new dynasty turned out to be the Swedish royal family, who were a branch of the late Duke's family.
Thus, King Charles XI of Sweden was awarded the titles of Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and Duke of Bavaria.
King Charles XI never visited his County Palatine. The job of ruling what now amounted to a Swedish exclave was delegated to Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld a Zweibrücken sideline.
He ruled from to , whereafter the County Palatine lay in Charlotta Friederike's hands; she was the late Friedrich Ludwig's youngest daughter, who had returned from exile in Lorraine in She was married to Duke Frederick Louis' son, who died young.
In difficult times, she ruled the Duchy from Meisenheim with great prudence. From to , King Louis XIV once again overran the Electorate of the Palatinate and parts of Palatinate-Zweibrücken in the Nine Years' War known in Germany as the War of the Palatine Succession to further his inheritance claims on his sister-in-law's behalf.
She was Elizabeth Charlotte, Princess Palatine , also known as Liselotte. It did not matter either way to the Swedish king whether he held the County Palatine as a German fief or a French one.
When King Charles XI died in , he was succeeded by his son, Charles XII of Sweden. The year brought the Treaty of Ryswick , under whose terms Louis XIV had to forgo many of his conquests.
Palatinate-Zweibrücken was awarded to the Swedes, though Charles XII never actually laid eyes on it. Nevertheless, he did decree programmes aimed at furthering agriculture and schooling.
Even in the countryside, there was stress on furthering schooling. Under Swedish influence, ecclesiastical development was set on new paths.
In at the Siege of Fredriksten , a fortress at Fredrikshald in Norway now called Halden , King Karl XII was shot dead there is some question as to whether it was an enemy gunshot or an assassin's bullet.
Since he was unwed and had no children, his sister took over the task of governing. She was not, however, allowed to succeed her brother in his capacity of Count Palatine Duke of Zweibrücken.
Thus, the County Palatine in Germany passed to the sideline of Palatinate-Kleeburg , with Charles XII's first successor here being his cousin, named Gustav Samuel Leopold , an officer in the Emperor's service who may have converted to Catholicism for his master's sake.
While Herschweiler-Pettersheim may have been important enough to have a palace in its skyline in the 17th and 18th centuries,  according to a report, the castle, Schloss Pettersheim, was old, small and in disrepair, and had no more than two or three rooms.
Herschweiler's and Pettersheim's inhabitants were then beholden to this new lord as his subjects. The family Hoffmann at the Zweibrücker Hof, though highly regarded, nevertheless fell into disrepute for theft on the night of the Duke's death.
After the Countess Hoffmann, who had wed her husband even before his divorce from his first wife, died, the patrilineal fief passed back to the Duchy of Palatinate-Zweibrücken.
Since Duke Gustav died childless, the Duchy's leadership passed upon his death in to Count Palatine Christian III of the sideline of Palatinate-Birkenfeld.
Christian III, who was Duke Wolfgang's great-grandson, despite his good relations with the French royal house, remained a loyal evangelical Christian that is to say, Protestant.
Indeed, denominational questions delayed recognition of his succession by three years, until , where after he ruled for only one more year, dying in Since his son, Duke Christian IV was only 13 years old at the time when his father died, his mother Caroline , served as regent for him and ran the Duchy.
In , Christian IV himself took over the task of governing. Mindful of the succession in the Electorate of the Palatinate and Electorate of Bavaria , he decided to convert to Catholicism.
Christian IV tended to his subjects' wellbeing, making improvements in the religious, social and legal sectors as well as in education and agriculture.
He had the old Schloss Pettersheim torn down and on the same spot arose a hunting lodge of palatial proportions, with great garden complexes, elaborately laid out by either the Swedish Baroque architect Jonas Erikson Sundahl or, with Sundahl's collaboration, the Paris architect Pierre Patte This new, statelier complex was built in the years as a secondary residence.
When dysentery broke out in Zweibrücken in the autumn of , Christian IV fled with his family to the new palace, work on which was not yet finished.
The palace in Pettersheim served as the starting point for coursing hunts. Here, too, arose the court chapel with works by concertmaster Ernst Eicher, and court painter Mannlich also worked here.
Schloss Pettersheim became such a favourite second home for the Duke, alongside Schloss Jägersburg, that even his favourite nephew, Prince Maximilian Joseph , later the first King of Bavaria as Maximilian I Joseph , who was brought up at his uncle's court, spent part of his youth in Pettersheim.
Christian IV also had the Fronbotenlinie a trail whose name means, roughly, "bailiff's line" which had existed since , and which led from Zweibrücken by way of Herschweiler-Pettersheim to Meisenheim , expanded into a road after , and sometimes running on it between and , in Zweibrücken's service, were six-seat wagonettes.
On the night of 5 November , the Duke died at his secondary residence in Herschweiler-Pettersheim of pneumonia.
Christian IV, who had been illegitimately married to a dancer named Marianne Camasse of the Mannheim Theatre who had been raised to nobility and been given the title Countess Forbach, was succeeded not by one of his sons, but rather by his nephew Charles II August.
The new Duke generally neglected Schloss Pettersheim, and in the local speech, he was disdainfully called "Hundskarl" Hund being the German word for "dog".
The time of his rule fell in the last decades before the French Revolution , and he fled in ahead of the French Revolutionary troops into exile in Mannheim , where he died two years later.
On the morning of 11 March , a group of some 50 French horsemen appeared, stalling their horses in the Ducal palace in Herschweiler-Pettersheim.
The soldiers began by plundering the palace. Tip by. Send to Phone. Take Me There. Ohmbachsee Mountain Biking Highlight. Sign Up To Discover Places Like This.
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