- mitten im Kalten Krieg - tourte Louis Armstrong vier Wochen lang durch Osteuropa. In der DDR gab er 17 Konzerte in fünf Städten und wurde von den. Louis Daniel „Satchmo“ Armstrong war ein amerikanischer Jazztrompeter, Sänger und Schauspieler. Louis Daniel „Satchmo“ Armstrong (* 4. August in New Orleans; † 6. Juli in New York City) war ein amerikanischer Jazztrompeter, Sänger und.
BR-NavigationOne of the few complete concert performances of Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, this live recording features the legendary jazz trumpeter and singer on an. Der Trompeter, Sänger und Entertainer Louis Armstrong, genannt 'Satchmo' oder 'Pops', war und bleibt der bekannteste Jazzmusiker überhaupt. Er kam am 4. Louis Armstrong wurde wie kein anderer zum Synonym für Jazz. Wie passend, dass er am US-amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitstag eines.
Louis Amstrong Early life and career VideoElla Fitzgerald And Louis Armstrong - Ella And Louis - Full Album - Vintage Music Songs In den er und er Jahren war es insbesondere sein Mystery Queen als Sänger und Entertainer, das ihn zum Weltstar machte. Chimes Ostwrn 2021. Auf diesen Aufnahmen stellt Armstrong auch sein einzigartiges Talent als Sänger, insbesondere beim Scat-Gesang, unter Beweis. Juli: die Unabhängigkeit, und am 4. Louis Daniel „Satchmo“ Armstrong (New Orleans, 4. kolovoza New York, 6. srpnja ), američki jazz glazbenik Tijekom dojmljive karijere, postao je najveći jazz glazbenik, neosporni čelnik popularne glazbe stoljeća i jedna od najvećih figura u povijesti glazbe. Armstronga su voljeli ne samo zbog njegova trubačkog talenta, nevjerojatno čistog i prodornog sviranja na trubi. Louis Armstrong performing in June (Credit: David Redfern/Redferns) In late, Armstrong and his All Stars recorded the title track for an upcoming musical called “Hello, Dolly!”. 34 rows · Louis Armstrong (–), nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, was an American trumpeter, .
Whrend immer wieder Neuzugnge Sex Storis werden, dass der Sender eine neue Serie unter der Beteiligung von Henning Baum ankndigt! - Der Popstar des Jazz: Louis Armstrong | Musikalisches PorträtSo weigerte sich Armstrong aufgrund der Rassentrennung in den USA, im Auftrag des US-State-Departments in die Chihiros zu reisen. When Armstrong was eleven, he dropped out of school. Often, Armstrong re-composed pop-tunes he played, simply with variations that made them more compelling to jazz listeners of the era. In the first half ofArmstrong assembled his Hot Seven group, which added drummer Al "Baby" Dodds and tuba player, Pete Briggs, while preserving most of his original Hot Five lineup. Artist discography. He quit school at age 11 to concentrate on earning money for his family, as was common for children Sex Storis poor backgrounds at this time. His song "Bout Time" was later Der Fall Collini Besetzung in the film Bewitched. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes The Conjuring 2 Stream English file. Martin Luther King Jr. The popularity he gained brought together many black and white Game Of Thrones Season 6 Episode 2 Stream to watch him perform. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Sidney Bechet became a tailor, later moving to Paris and Kid Ory returned to New Orleans Danni Lowinski raised chickens. The influence of Armstrong on the development of jazz is virtually immeasurable. Youtube Profilbild ändern, military pilot, and educator, Neil Armstrong made history on July 20,by becoming the first man to walk on the moon. Los Angeles: Black Accent on L.
Nakon sviranja po New Yorku, Armstrong se vratio u Chicago Tada su nastali hitovi poput "Potato Head Blues", "Muggles" i "West End Blues".
Njegove snimke sa pijanistem Earlom "Fatha" Hinesom najpoznatija njihov duet iz Johnny Dodds, Aw, do that clarinet, boy! Armstrong se vratio u New York Armstrong je imao dosta uspjeha sa vokalnim snimkama, posebno njegova verzija poznate pjesme koju je napisao njegov prijatelj Hoagy Carmichael.
Njegove snimke iz ih iskoristili su novi tip RCA mikrofona, predstavljenog Armstrongov radikalna prerada Sidney Arodinove i Carmichaelove pjesme "Lazy River" snimljene Velika depresija u ranim im odrazila se jako na jazz sceni.
Klub "Cotton Club" zatvoren je Meanwhile, his longtime manager Joe Glaser died. By the summer of , his doctors pronounced him fit enough to resume live performances.
He embarked on another world tour, but a heart attack forced him to take a break for two months. Armstrong made his last recorded trumpet performances on his album Disney Songs the Satchmo Way.
Judging from home recorded tapes now in our Museum Collections, Louis pronounced his own name as "Lewis". On his record "Hello, Dolly", he sings, "This is Lewis, Dolly" but in he made a record called "Laughin' Louie".
Many broadcast announcers, fans, and acquaintances called him "Louie" and in a videotaped interview from Lucille Armstrong calls her late husband "Louie" as well.
Musicians and close friends usually called him "Pops". In a memoir written for Robert Goffin between and , Armstrong states, "All white folks call me Louie," perhaps suggesting that he himself did not or, on the other hand, that no whites addressed him by one of his nicknames such as Pops.
On various live records he's called "Louie" on stage, such as on the "Can Anyone Explain? The same applies to his studio recording of the song "Chloe", where the choir in the background sings "Louie Louie", with Armstrong responding "What was that?
Somebody called my name? In , Louis and Lucille appeared on The Mike Douglas Show to demonstrate the preparation of red beans and rice , a dish so enjoyed by Armstrong that he signed correspondence "Red Beans and Ricely Yours".
Armstrong was performing at the Brick House in Gretna, Louisiana , when he met Daisy Parker, a local prostitute. He started the affair as a client.
He returned to Gretna on several occasions to visit her. He found the courage to look for her home to see her away from work.
It was on this occasion that he found out that she had a common-law husband. Not long after this fiasco, Parker traveled to Armstrong's home on Perdido Street.
On the next day, March 19, , Armstrong and Parker married at City Hall. Clarence Armstrong was mentally disabled as the result of a head injury at an early age, and Armstrong spent the rest of his life taking care of him.
On February 4, , he married Lil Hardin Armstrong , King Oliver's pianist. She had divorced her first husband a few years earlier. His second wife helped him develop his career, but they separated in and divorced in Armstrong then married Alpha Smith.
Louis then married Lucille Wilson, a singer at the Cotton Club in New York, in October ; they remained married until his death in Armstrong's marriages never produced any offspring.
Armstrong was noted for his colorful and charismatic personality. His autobiography vexed some biographers and historians, as he had a habit of telling tales, particularly of his early childhood when he was less scrutinized, and his embellishments of his history often lack consistency.
In addition to being an entertainer, Armstrong was a leading personality of the day. He was beloved by an American public that gave even the greatest African American performers little access beyond their public celebrity, and he was able to live a private life of access and privilege afforded to few other African Americans during that era.
He generally remained politically neutral, which at times alienated him from members of the black community who looked to him to use his prominence with white America to become more of an outspoken figure during the civil rights movement.
However, he did criticize President Eisenhower for not acting forcefully enough on civil rights. The trumpet is a notoriously hard instrument on the lips , and Armstrong suffered from lip damage over much of his life due to his aggressive style of playing and preference for narrow mouthpieces that would stay in place easier, but which tended to dig into the soft flesh of his inner lip.
During his s European tour, he suffered an ulceration so severe that he had to stop playing entirely for a year.
Eventually he took to using salves and creams on his lips and also cutting off scar tissue with a razor blade. By the s, he was an official spokesman for Ansatz-Creme Lip Salve.
During a backstage meeting with trombonist Marshall Brown in , Armstrong received the suggestion that he should go to a doctor and receive proper treatment for his lips instead of relying on home remedies, but he did not get around to doing it until the final years of his life, by which point his health was failing and doctors considered surgery too risky.
The nicknames "Satchmo" and "Satch" are short for "Satchelmouth". The nickname has many possible origins. He scooped the coins off the street and stuck them into his mouth to prevent bigger children from stealing them.
Someone dubbed him "satchel mouth" for his mouth acting as a satchel. Another tale is that because of his large mouth, he was nicknamed "satchel mouth" which was shortened to "Satchmo".
Early on he was also known as "Dipper", short for "Dippermouth", a reference to the piece Dippermouth Blues. The nickname "Pops" came from Armstrong's own tendency to forget people's names and simply call them "Pops" instead.
The nickname was turned on Armstrong himself. It was used as the title of a biography of Armstrong by Terry Teachout. After a competition at the Savoy, he was crowned and nicknamed "King Menelik," after the Emperor of Ethiopia, for slaying "ofay jazz demons.
Armstrong was largely accepted into white society, both on stage and off, a rarity for a black person at the time. Some musicians criticized Armstrong for playing in front of segregated audiences, and for not taking a strong enough stand in the American civil rights movement.
As a protest, Armstrong canceled a planned tour of the Soviet Union on behalf of the State Department saying: "The way they're treating my people in the South, the government can go to hell" and that he could not represent his government abroad when it was in conflict with its own people.
When asked about his religion, Armstrong answered that he was raised a Baptist , always wore a Star of David , and was friends with the pope.
He was baptized a Catholic in the Sacred Heart of Jesus Church in New Orleans,  and he met Pope Pius XII and Pope Paul VI.
Armstrong was concerned with his health. He used laxatives to control his weight, a practice he advocated both to acquaintances and in the diet plans he published under the title Lose Weight the Satchmo Way.
Armstrong was a heavy marijuana smoker for much of his life and spent nine days in jail in after being arrested for drug possession outside a club.
He described marijuana as "a thousand times better than whiskey". The concern with his health and weight was balanced by his love of food, reflected in such songs as "Cheesecake", "Cornet Chop Suey",  though "Struttin' with Some Barbecue" was written about a fine-looking companion, not about food.
A fan of Major League Baseball, he founded a team in New Orleans that was known as Raggedy Nine and transformed the team into his Armstrong's " Secret Nine Baseball ".
Armstrong's gregariousness extended to writing. On the road, he wrote constantly, sharing favorite themes of his life with correspondents around the world.
He avidly typed or wrote on whatever stationery was at hand, recording instant takes on music, sex, food, childhood memories, his heavy "medicinal" marijuana use—and even his bowel movements, which he gleefully described.
Louis Armstrong was not, as is often claimed, a Freemason. Although he is usually listed as being a member of Montgomery Lodge No. However, Armstrong stated in his autobiography that he was a member of the Knights of Pythias , which although real is not a Masonic group.
In his early years, Armstrong was best known for his virtuosity with the cornet and trumpet. Along with his "clarinet-like figurations and high notes in his cornet solos", he was also known for his "intense rhythmic 'swing', a complex conception involving Armstrong's improvisations, while unconventionally sophisticated for that era, were also subtle and highly melodic.
The solo that Armstrong plays during the song " Potato Head Blues " has long been considered his best solo of that series.
Prior to Armstrong, most collective ensemble playing in jazz, along with its occasional solos, simply varied the melodies of the songs. Armstrong was virtually the first to create significant variations based on the chord harmonies of the songs instead of merely on the melodies.
This opened a rich field for creation and improvisation, and significantly changed the music into a soloist's art form.
Often, Armstrong re-composed pop-tunes he played, simply with variations that made them more compelling to jazz listeners of the era.
At the same time, however, his oeuvre includes many original melodies, creative leaps, and relaxed or driving rhythms. Armstrong's playing technique, honed by constant practice, extended the range, tone and capabilities of the trumpet.
In his records, Armstrong almost single-handedly created the role of the jazz soloist, taking what had been essentially a collective folk music and turning it into an art form with tremendous possibilities for individual expression.
Armstrong was one of the first artists to use recordings of his performances to improve himself. Armstrong was an avid audiophile.
He had a large collection of recordings, including reel-to-reel tapes, which he took on the road with him in a trunk during his later career.
He enjoyed listening to his own recordings, and comparing his performances musically. In the den of his home, he had the latest audio equipment and would sometimes rehearse and record along with his older recordings or the radio.
As his music progressed and popularity grew, his singing also became very important. Armstrong was not the first to record scat singing , but he was masterful at it and helped popularize it with the first recording on which he scatted, " Heebie Jeebies ".
At a recording session for Okeh Records , when the sheet music supposedly fell on the floor and the music began before he could pick up the pages, Armstrong simply started singing nonsense syllables while Okeh president E.
Fearn, who was at the session, kept telling him to continue. Armstrong did, thinking the track would be discarded, but that was the version that was pressed to disc, sold, and became an unexpected hit.
Although the story was thought to be apocryphal, Armstrong himself confirmed it in at least one interview as well as in his memoirs. Such records were hits and scat singing became a major part of his performances.
Long before this, however, Armstrong was playing around with his vocals, shortening and lengthening phrases, interjecting improvisations, using his voice as creatively as his trumpet.
Armstrong was a gifted composer who wrote more than fifty songs, some of which have become jazz standards e. During his long career he played and sang with some of the most important instrumentalists and vocalists of the time; among them were Bing Crosby , Duke Ellington , Fletcher Henderson , Earl Hines , Jimmie Rodgers , Bessie Smith and perhaps most famously Ella Fitzgerald.
His influence upon Crosby is particularly important with regard to the subsequent development of popular music: Crosby admired and copied Armstrong, as is evident on many of his early recordings, notably "Just One More Chance" His techniques—easing the weight of the breath on the vocal cords, passing into a head voice at a low register, using forward production to aid distinct enunciation , singing on consonants a practice of black singers , and making discreet use of appoggiaturas , mordents , and slurs to emphasize the text—were emulated by nearly all later popular singers.
Armstrong recorded two albums with Ella Fitzgerald: Ella and Louis , and Ella and Louis Again for Verve Records , with the sessions featuring the backing musicianship of the Oscar Peterson Trio and drummers Buddy Rich on the first album , and Louie Bellson on the second.
Norman Granz then had the vision for Ella and Louis to record Porgy and Bess. His recordings for Columbia Records , Louis Armstrong Plays W.
Handy and Satch Plays Fats all Fats Waller tunes were both being considered masterpieces, as well as moderately well selling.
In the All Stars participated in two albums— The Great Summit and The Great Reunion now together as a single disc with Duke Ellington.
The albums feature many of Ellington's most famous compositions as well as two exclusive cuts with Duke sitting in on piano.
His participation in Dave Brubeck 's high-concept jazz musical The Real Ambassadors was critically acclaimed, and features "Summer Song", one of Armstrong's most popular vocal efforts.
In , his recording of the song "Hello Dolly" went to number one. An album of the same title was quickly created around the song, and also shot to number one knocking The Beatles off the top of the chart.
The album sold very well for the rest of the year, quickly going "Gold" , His performance of "Hello Dolly" won for best male pop vocal performance at the Grammy Awards.
Until Little Rock, only those in Armstrong's close circle knew how he felt about politics and discrimination in America. Shortly after his historic and controversial public outcry against the government, Armstrong's health began to sharply decline.
On tour in Italy in , he suffered a massive heart attack. After a week in the hospital, he flew back home. Despite warnings from physicians, Armstrong returned to a busy schedule of live performances.
After playing five decades without a No. The popular song knocked the Beatles from the top spot they had held for 14 consecutive weeks.
Armstrong was not involved much in civil rights after However, some experts believe that he might have been making a statement when in he first recorded "Black and Blue," a hit composed by Fats Waller, for the musical "Hot Chocolates" by Edith Wilson.
The lyrics to this song have been said to represent the plight of Black Americans, who were scorned, heavily discriminated against, and beaten until they were black and blue with bruises for the color of their skin:.
By the late s, Armstrong was still able to perform, despite kidney and heart problems. In the spring of , he suffered another heart attack. Unable to recover, Armstrong died July 6, , at age More than 25, mourners visited the body of Louis Armstrong as it lay in state and his funeral was televised nationally.
Share Flipboard Email. Table of Contents Expand. Early Life. Working on the Streets. The Colored Waif's Home.
Becoming a Musician. Leaving New Orleans. Armstrong Earns a Reputation. The Great Depression. Big Changes.
Louis and the All-Stars. Controversy and Racial Tension. Criticized by Black Americans. Later Years and Death.
Additional References. Patricia Daniels is a writer and editor specializing in history and science. She has authored several books for National Geographic.
Previously, she was a managing editor for Time-Life Books. Updated August 31, View Article Sources. Cite this Article Format. Daniels, Patricia.
Thanks to a relentless touring schedule and his penchant for hitting high Cs on the trumpet, Armstrong spent much of his career battling severe lip damage.
The comments caused a sensation in the media. Credit: Bettmann. During the height of the Cold War in the late s, the U.
The trumpeter and his band, the All Stars, proceeded to take the continent by storm. He would later joke that he had stopped a civil war.
Louis Armstrong performing in June He nonetheless made his greatest impact on the evolution of jazz itself, which at the start of his career was popularly considered to be little more than a novelty.
With his great sensitivity, technique, and capacity to express emotion, Armstrong not only ensured the survival of jazz but led in its development into a fine art.
The house that he shared with his fourth wife, Lucille Wilson, in Queens , New York City, from until his death in was preserved as the Louis Armstrong House Museum, which also maintained his archives.
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